Bantu is a general name given to a vast group of peoples who speak several hundred different languages that can be shown to be related to one another. The Bantu who settled in South Africa belonged to a branch of Bantu peoples known as the Southern Bantu. They can be divided into a number of groups by reference to their languages. The east-coast strip was the home of numerous tribes belonging to the Nguni-speaking group. By the 18th century they occupied the coastal area as far as the Great Fish River and were beginning to settle to the Southwest of that river in a land known as Zuurveld. The Bantu were organized in tribes, each of which consisted of one central clan, though it may contain members of other clans as well. The advent of Europeans on African soil did not meet a vacuum. Africans had systems of government that served them well. This paper investigated the rise of Shaka, the Zulu and his contribution to African traditional government that became a formidable obstacle to British imperialism in Southern Africa in the 19th century. Keywords: administration, military, despot, and loyalty
The paper investigated information behaviour and political participation of women in ijebuland of Ogun state, Nigeria.Six research questions guided the study and the data collection instrument used was the questionnaire, the study adopted survey research method.The findings of the study revealed that 70% of the respondents participated actively in politics and belong to a political party known as CAN (Action Congress of Nigeria). The study shows that information sources like Radio/Television, Books/Library, Newspaper/Magazine etc are readily available and often consulted by the respondents. Also the respondents indicated that they actively participates in the party meetings, women orientation and empowerment programmes and their information needs are basically on political issues, economic issues, marital responsibilities and empowerment programs. However, majority of the respondents indicated that education, economic factors, gender issues etcare the major hindrances to their information behaviour and political participation. Therefore, the study recommends that special emphasis should be laid on mandatory and free education of the girl child, making it the corporate responsibility of all parties involved in nation building from immediate family, the community, the society and the governments at all levels.
The fight against poverty has been a consistent one in most developing countries over the years with little or no glaring success stories over the years. This study measures the impact of health delivery cost i.e. health expenditure by the government on poverty reduction. The study adopted expost facto research design and descriptive analysis to achieve this purpose. Secondary data for thirty-six countries were pulled from relevant databanks, and the ordinary least square technique was used for the regression analysis. The study found out that some major sub-sahara African countries do not spend enough on health which could explain the stagnant poverty situations of these nations. The study also found out that some of the African Union countries do not obey the Abuja declaration target of 15% of the national budget-for health. This study therefore concludes that, some sub-sahara African countries especially Nigeria (the giant of Africa) have not been playing a good role in terms of national health expenditure and... Read More
Governments at different levels have the responsibility of mobilizing revenue in order to meet the needs of the citizenry in terms of providing public goods and services, as well as ensuring the well being of their citizenry. Most states in Nigeria have had serious issues regarding residents’ level of tax compliance leading to their undue dependence on statutory allocations from the federation account. However, Lagos state is reported to be the only state in Nigeria, capable of surviving without statutory allocation from the federal government. The paper examined the methodologies and strategies adopted by Lagos State government in achieving high level of revenue mobilization, in efforts to achieve sustainable development in Lagos state Nigeria. The study a descriptive research relied entirely on qualitative data. Primary data included statistical records and video documentary prepared by the Lagos Internal Revenue Service. Secondary data included books, scholarly peer reviewed articles, official government publications... Read More
The making of laws that meet the needs of citizens, as well as adherence to rule of law have been accepted as pillars of democratic practice as well as necessary ingredients for attaining good governance. Without the participation of citizens in the processes, the law makers may make draconian laws that would be anti people, which was the experience in the various military dictatorships that Nigeria had. Nigeria also has history abuses of rule of law by both military and civilian administrations. The study examined the participation of educated elites in the processes of law making and adherence to rule of law by public officials in Ogun State between 2003 and 2011. The design was descriptive, and 1720 respondents were selected from eight of the twenty local governments of the State. Interviews were conducted with key political functionaries as well as educated elites from different walks of life. Descriptive statistics was used to analyse the quantitative data while the qualitative data was content analysed. There was high level of apathy among the educated elites, as most of them did not participate in the processes of law making as well as efforts requiring adherence to rule of law by public officials.
The representation of women at the highest levels of public decision making and governance has been a major issue for decades now. However, in spite of efforts of the United Nations to ensure greater involvement of women through recommendation of gender quota of 30% for women, there is a high level of marginalization of women in decision making and governance roles in most countries of the world. Nigeria, Africa’s most populated country falls among countries that continue to experience the under representation of women. The few women who have been either been elected or appointed to key decision making and governance positions, in Ogun State have excelled beyond their male counterparts. The paper argues that given the success of the few women that have been involved in the past, the marginalization of women cannot be excused. This is especially so, given that smaller countries such as Rwanda, Burundi, and Mozambique... Read More
The issues and concepts of providing machines that imitate or duplicate the function of the human brain, and sometimes fool humans have been the trend of the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI). This paper explains various schools of thought comparing machines to humans, as well as highlighting some basic limitations of AI. It presents a Christian biblical perspective that shows that intelligence or natural intelligence is a gift from God; who holds the answers to the mysteries or orders, coordination and cognition.
The success of any dual mode institutions cannot be permutated without the supporting role of non-teaching staff. Today, millions of people are enrolled as students in dual mode institutions all over the world and Nigeria is not left out. The number of qualified candidates who cannot be absorbed into the Nigerian tertiary institutions keeps soaring yearly. This paper examines the multitasking role of non-teaching staff in dual mode institutions, benchmarks for dual mode instutions, and why Babcock University is keying into it and made robust recommendations which include making available training and retraining of staff, stable power upply and High-Speed Internet services which will make for an excellent e-Learning experience(Dual Mode).
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Costus afer Ker Gawl is an indigenous tropical African medicinal plant used as therapy in the treatment of inflammatory ailments such as rheumatoid arthritis. This study was designed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of the hexane fraction ofC. afer leaves (CAHLF). Materials and methods:The anti-inflammatory effect of varying doses of CAHLF on carrageenan, arachidonic acid, and formaldehyde induced arthritis in male albino rats' models were investigated in order to study the acute inflammatory phase. Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis model was used to study the chronic inflammatory phase. Two known anti-inflammatory drugs, Diclofenac sodium (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug [NSAID]) and prednisolone (glucocorticoid [steroidal drug]) were used as standards for comparison. Various biochemical indices viz.superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathioneS-transferase (GST), reduced glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA), aspartate amino transferase (AST), alanine amino transferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total bilirubin (TB), total protein (TP), globulin and albumin levels were assayed... Read More
School: Computing and Engineering Sciences
Department: Computer Science
Venue: Babcock Guest House Conference Room
The Department of Computer Science, Babcock University Ilisan-Remo Ogun State, Nigeria in Conjunction with Nigeria Computer Society (NCS) Presents 2nd International Conference on THEME: EMERGING TRENDS IN IT FOR WEALTH CREATION AND SUSTAINABLE ECONOMY Date: November 13-15, 2016 Venue: Babcock Guest House Conference Room Registration deadline is November 1, 2016