Africans are still reliant on traditional knowledge systems for survival. This knowledge system thrives due to the fact that foreign concepts are not easily understood by Africans. There is also the belief that traditional knowledge is more effective in catering for their needs and suitable for their environment. Development through sustainable means is urgently required in Africa and this can be achieved by nurturing and transforming cultural values, traditional knowledge and practices. Thus Africa should take into consideration the development of traditional knowledge systems as important aspects of economic development and the reduction of poverty in their societies. This paper explores the relationship between traditional knowledge, intellectual properties and development in Africa.