Prevalence and family structures related factors associated with crown trauma in school children resident in suburban Nigeria

Prevalence and family structures related factors associated with crown trauma in school children resident in suburban Nigeria

Author by Dr. Titus Oyedele

Journal/Publisher: Bmc Oral Health

Volume/Edition: 16

Language: English

Pages: 116 - 120

Abstract

Background: Multiple risk factors have been identified for traumatic dental injuries, including crown fractures, in

various age groups and various populations. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, risk factors

and family related factors for crown trauma among 8 to 16 year-old children in a suburban population, Nigeria.

Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a data of 2107 children collected through a school-based survey. Study

participants were 8 to 16 year-old resident in suburban Nigeria. The independent variables for the study were

age, sex, socioeconomic status, and birth rank, family size and parenting status (one parent, step parent, both

parents, and guardians). Details were collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Intraoral

examination was conducted to identify presence of crown fracture. The independent variables associated with

and predictors of crown trauma were determinedusing chi-square and logistic regression analysis respectively.

Results: Only 167 (7.9 %) of the 2107 study participants had crown trauma. The teeth level prevalence of crown

trauma was 0.33 %. Children with middle socioeconomic status had reduced odds of having crown trauma when

compared with children with low socioeconomic status (AOR 0.50; CI 0.32–0.80). The odds of having crown traumawas

more than doubled in males when compared with females (AOR 2.41; CI 1.72–3.39) and almost doubled in children

living with single parents when compared with children living with both parents (AOR 1.94; CI 1.29–3.05).

Conclusions: The prevalence of crown traumawas low in this study population. Being a female and having

lowsocioeconomic status significantly reduced the risk factors for crown traumawhile living with single parents

increased risk for crown trauma.


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