Association between family structure and oral health of children with mixed dentition in suburban Nigeria

Association between family structure and oral health of children with mixed dentition in suburban Nigeria

Author by Dr. Folayan Mo

Journal/Publisher: J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent

Volume/Edition: 35

Language: English

Pages: 134 - 142

Abstract

Context: Family structures can affect the oral

health of the child. However, little is known

about the impact of the family structure on oral

health of children in Africa. Aims: To determine

the association between family structure,

twice daily toothbrushing, use of fluoridated

toothpaste, caries, and oral hygiene status of

5–12?year?old children resident in semi?urban

Nigeria. Settings and Design: Secondary

analysis of the data of 601 children recruited

through a household survey conducted in Ile?Ife,

Nigeria. Subjects and Methods: The association

between dependent variables (presence of

caries, good oral hygiene, use of fluoridated

toothpaste, and twice daily toothbrushing) and

the family structure (parental structure, number

of siblings, and birth rank) was determined.

Statistical Analysis Used: Simple and multivariate

regression analysis was used to determine the

association. The regression models were adjusted

for age and gender. Results: Children who were

not primogenitor had significantly reduced odds

of using fluoridated toothpaste (AOR: 0.91; 95%

confidence interval [CI]: 0.85–0.97; P = 0.01) when

compared with children who were primogenitors

or only children. Furthermore, having 0–2 siblings

significantly reduced the odds of having caries

(AOR: 0.46; CI: 0.28–0.78; P < 0>

with children who had three or more siblings.

Children who used fluoridated toothpaste had

significantly increased odds of having good oral

hygiene (AOR: 1.64; 95% CI: 1.18–2.28; P < 0>

Conclusions: For this study population, the number

of siblings and the birth rank increased the chances

of having caries and use of fluoridated toothpaste,

respectively.


Other Co-Authors