Contraceptive use among women is associated with reduced maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Study assessed women awareness of modern contraceptives, its use and barriers among inner-city mothers attending child welfare clinic in selected hospitals in Abeokuta.This is a descriptive cross-sectional study using convenient sampling to recruit 150 women attending Child Welfare Clinic in three selected health facilities in Abeokuta. Questionnaires with open-ended questions were used to obtain informationfrom respondents after obtaining ethical approval and written consent. Data obtained was analysed using SPSS version 21.Findings from the study revealed that awareness of modern contraceptive among the respondents is high (94%),however its use is low(41.3%). The desire to have more children(47.7%) was the major reason for non-use of modern contraceptives. Lack of communication between couples with regards to sex(24%) and fear of side effects (27.3%) were the main barriers to using contraceptive.Women should be encouraged to communicate effectively with their husbands. Furthermore, healthcare providers should properly evaluate clients seeking contraception and educate them on side effects to improve adherence to contraceptive use.