SUBCLINICAL MALARIA PARASITAEMIA AMONG BLOOD DONORS IN MAIDUGURI, NIGERIA

SUBCLINICAL MALARIA PARASITAEMIA AMONG BLOOD DONORS IN MAIDUGURI, NIGERIA

Author by Dr. Opeyemi.olufeyisola Adesina

Journal/Publisher: Borno Medical Journal

Volume/Edition: 7

Language: English

Pages: 1 - 4

Abstract

Background: Blood banking in a malaria endemic area could result in transfusion-associated problems such as transfusion malaria. The emergence and wide dissemination of drug resistant malaria parasites underscore the need for prevention of posttransfusion malaria. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of subclinical malaria parasitaemia among blood donors to ascertain the need for inclusion of malaria testing in pre transfusion procedures. Methods: Screening of malaria parasites was done in 182 blood samples collected from blood donors (169 males and 13 females) who fulfilled the inclusion criteria out of 246 subjects, who came for donation at the Blood bank Section of University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH) during the month of April to September, 2009. Blood film examination was done to identify malaria parasites and estimate parasite density assuming leukocyte count of 8000 cells/µl blood. Results: The overall prevalence of subclinical malaria was 18.7% (34/182) and was significantly higher in female (53.8%, 7/13) than male (16.0%, 227/169) donors (? = 11.4, df = 1, p = 0.00074). The prevalence was significantly higher during the rainy season than dry season (18.7% vs 4.3%; p < 0 xss=removed xss=removed xss=removed>


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