The prevalence and intensity of Malaria Parasites in a Sickle Cell Population in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigera.

The prevalence and intensity of Malaria Parasites in a Sickle Cell Population in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigera.

Author by G Aglavdawa

Journal/Publisher: Hamdard Medicus, Journal Of Science And Medicine

Volume/Edition: 54

Language: English

Pages: 88 - 90

Abstract

Background: Malaria is holoendemic in Nigeria, particularly in our environment. This periodic assessment of its complicationof sickle cell anaemia in our locality is worthwhile.

AIM: To determine te prevalence and intensity of malaria parasitaemia in clinically and laboratory diagnosed sickle cell anaemia patients in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria in order to guage its current effect as a management challenge.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 106 children with signs and symptoms of malaria aged 0-14years attending the Emergency Paediatric and Haematology Outpatient Clinics of the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria were taken by venepuncture into EDTA container. Thick and thin smears were made and stained using Giemsa and Leishman.s stains respectively. The smears were examined under x100 objectives microscope

Result: The finding revealed a parasite rate of 56% with P.falciparum being the commonest specie. Highest mean parasite density was 36parasites/ul in the 11-14 age group. However, malaria infection occurred in all the age groups studied

Conclusion : The prevalence of malaria in the patients is high  and could hinder optimum response to the management of sickle cell anemia. Proper counseling on preventive measures against exposure to malaria vectors by clinicians is necessary .


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