Distribution, antibiogram and multidrug resistance in enterobacteriaceae from commercial poultry feeds in Nigeria

Distribution, antibiogram and multidrug resistance in enterobacteriaceae from commercial poultry feeds in Nigeria

Author by Dr. Chibundu Ezekiel

Journal/Publisher: African Journal Of Microbiology Research

Volume/Edition: 5

Language: English

Pages: 294 - 301

Abstract

The increasing incidence of enterobacteriosis in poultry birds in Nigeria lately necessitated the study which aimed at enumerating the Enterobacteriaceae in 58 commercially available poultry feeds, studying their antibiotic susceptibility pattern, confirming plasmid as the determinants of resistance and tracing the relationship between multidrug resistant (MDR) isolates in the feed and those in morbid birds. Fifty-three enterobacteria belonging to 5 genera: Escherichia, Salmonella, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Yersinia; were obtained from the feed samples. Escherichia coli was the most distributed enterobacteria in the feed types (80%). There was a significant (P<0> broiler starter > broiler finisher > growers mash > layers mash. Augmentin, nitrofurantoin and amoxicillin showed the least overall potency (<30 xss=removed>


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