Prevalence of STI pathogens in HIV-infected and non-infected women: implication for acquisition and transmission of HIV in Nigeria.

Prevalence of STI pathogens in HIV-infected and non-infected women: implication for acquisition and transmission of HIV in Nigeria.

Author by I.o. Oyewole

Journal/Publisher: Asian Journal Of Medical Sciences

Volume/Edition: 2

Language: English

Pages: 163 - 166

Abstract

The prevalence of STI pathogens in HIV- infected and non infected women attending HIV and STI
clinic of the Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital (OOUTH), Sagamu, Ogun state, Nigeria was
compared for possible implications in the acquisition and transmission of HIV. The study involved the
collection of urine and vagina swabs using sterile universal bottles and Evapon swab sticks respectively from
100 females of which 34 were HIV-positive and 66 HIV- negative. The samples were screened at the Babcock
University Microbiology Laboratory for the presence of Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida albicans, pus cells
and bacterial vaginosis. Twelve percent of HIV-positive patients were infected with T. vaginalis, 77% with
C. albicans, 68% with bacterial vaginosis and 35% with pus cells (indicates the presence of cervical infections).
Only 2% of the HIV-negative patients were infected with T. vaginalis 20% with C. albicans, 40% with
bacterial vaginosis and 5% with pus cells. The statistical analysis showed a significant difference in the
infection rates between HIV infected and non- infected patients (p<0> with their own morbidity, but also facilitate sexual transmission and infectivity of HIV, there is therefore the
need for aggressive prevention, testing and treatment of ST Is in order to reduce acquisition and transmission
of HIV.


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