Psychoeducational Programs as Correlates of Social Adjustment of Residents at a Correctional Youth Center in Nigeria

Psychoeducational Programs as Correlates of Social Adjustment of Residents at a Correctional Youth Center in Nigeria

Author by Dr. Rita Ezeokoli

Journal/Publisher: Journal Of Education And Practice

Volume/Edition: 8

Language: English

Pages: 143 - 170

Abstract

The study examined the psychoeducational programmes and activities such as school attendance vocational
training, religious activities as correlate of social adjustment of wards at a the Borstal Youth Development
correctional facility at, Abeokuta, Nigeria.. It adopted the descriptive research design of ex-post facto. The
sample consisted of the entire population of 201 wards in the Borstal Home. Data were collected through
questionnaire titled “Social Welfare Programmes and Social Adjustment Scale (SWPASAS). Data collected was
analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Regression Analysis
Findings showed that there was significant relationship between the Educational Programmes of the home and
Social adjustment of wards (r = .706, N = 201, P <.05). The findings also revealed that there was significant
relationship between the Vocational programmes of the home and social adjustment of wards (r = .665, N = 201,
P < .05). The result of the third hypothesis showed that there is relationship between Religious programmes of
the home and social adjustment of wards (r = .702, N = 201, P <.05). The fourth hypotheses showed an existing
relationship between social programmes of the home and social adjustment of wards (F(3,197) = 101.065; R =
.779, R2 = .606, Adj. R2 = 0.600; P <. 05).
The study established that the psychoeducational programmes of the home aids social adjustment of wards in the
home. It is therefore recommended that effective communication should be adopted at the home; this tends to
increase behavioural modification of the wards since bad communication deteriorates the social and
psychological state of the wards thereby increasing deviance behavior. To improve the quality of lives, it is also
recommended that the government should employ the service of professional social workers to facilitate
adequate services to the wards.


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