The study of Local Governments of other nations is vital to the existence of any given state as it assists the state to assess its progress and improve on what it has, in terms of structure and operations. The study among other things examined the operations of Local Governments in France and Nigeria in terms of autonomy and democratic tendencies. A parallel description of both institutions was used to ascertain these objectives. Findings revealed that Local Government in both countries are established by laws, have peculiar structures, had undergone several reforms, lack financial autonomy and have experienced political instability and military regimes. However, it was discovered that Local Government in France is more autonomous, transparent, and accountable than that of Nigeria. Thus, the level of devolution in France is closely higher than deconcentration as against Nigeria, where the level of deconcentration is greater than devolution. The Nigerian Government must respect the provisions in the constitution that grants autonomy to local governments and seek ways to ensure transparency, accountability and make provision for democratically elected Local Government Councils, as this will lead to the development of the Local Councils.