Achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls is the fifth Sustainable Development Goal. This continues the effort of the third Millennium Development Goal (MDG) which was “to promote gender equality and empower all women”. In Nigeria, a Gender and Equal Opportunities Bill had been under consideration in the Nigerian Senate since 2010 to be enacted as a Nigerian law as part of effort towards MDG 3. After six years, the Bill was voted out for “lack of merit”. This paper provides a critical analysis of the outcome. Design/methodology/approach. A review of this Bill and the authors’ perceptions of reasons for the decline are subsequently presented. Findings There were concerns based on the content of the Bill. It was agreed by members of the Nigerian Senate that the content of the Bill was not in line with the religious and cultural beliefs of most of the Nigerian population and thus, unworthy to be enacted as a Nigerian law. Originality/value. The paper provides a bird-view analysis of an unsuccessful Gender and Equal Opportunities Bill in Nigeria. This information is needed for a review of the Bill ahead of possible re-presentation following modifications for discussion.