Nigeria has a significant number of people living with HIV/AIDS. Access to antiretroviral drugs is important to improve their health and quality of life. This paper examines access to antiretroviral drugs as a component of the right to health in international law. It locates the right of health, its scope, and content in international human rights instruments and attempts to draw the connections and linkages of access to antiretroviral drugs to the right to health. It then examines the interpretation of the right to health in the broader context of socio-economic rights in Nigerian jurisprudence.