BACKGROUND: Infection control has become a major concern in the health?care system and
health?care workers, particularly nurses are at high risk of infection. This study, therefore, examined
the effect of a training program on attitude and practice of infection control among nurses in two
tertiary hospitals in Ogun State, Nigeria.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study adopted a pretest–posttest quasi?experimental design.
The sample consisted of 87 participants. The experimental group consisted of 42 registered
nurses from Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ogun state, Nigeria, while the control group
consisted of 45 registered nurses from Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu,
Nigeria. The instrument for data collection was attitude toward components of infection control
questionnaire (r = 72) and practice of infection control questionnaire (r = 76). Data were analyzed
using SPSS version 21.0 (SPSS Inc. Chicago IL, USA).
RESULTS: Findings showed that the mean age in the experimental group was 34.92 ± 8.9 while the
control group was 47.43 ± 6.6. The average years of experience for the experimental group were
10.42 ± 9.9 while that of the control group were 21.89 ± 8.7. Responses on attitude showed that 30
participants (69%) had positive attitude in the experimental group compared to 21 participants (46.7%)
in the control group. The mean difference was 4.02. Significant difference was observed between
mean attitude score of participants in the experimental group and control group (P = 0.03), between
mean practice score (P = 0.001), and between self?reported and observed practices (P = 0.000).
CONCLUSION: The training was effective in improving attitude and practice of infection control.
Adequate provision of structured training programs on infection control measures is recommended.