Background: Cervical and ovarian cancers are the leading gynaecological malignancies of public health importance in the developing world.
Objective: To determine the pattern of cervical and ovarian cancers at the Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria.
Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with cervical and ovarian cancers managed at the Gynecologic oncology unit of the hospital between January 2008 and December 2012.
Results: Cervical and ovarian cancers accounted for 5.6% and 3.5% respectively of all gynaecological admissions. The mean ages of women who had cervical and ovarian cancers were 49.6 ± 9.3 years and 49.7 ± 14.9 years respectively. Both cancers occurred predominantly in grandmultiparous women. Irregular vaginal bleeding and abdominal mass were the most common presenting symptom of cervical cancers and ovarian cancers respectively. The commonest histopathological diagnosis for cervical cancers was large cell keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma (57.2%) while serous cystadenocarcinoma was the commonest histopathological diagnosis for ovarian cancers (69.0%). Eighty-one percent and 86.2% of cervical cancers and ovarian cancers presented with advanced stages of the diseases respectively.
Conclusion: Cervical cancer was commoner than ovarian cancer. The cancers affected mainly grandmultiparas and late presentation was the norm. Community sensitization and advocacy to enhance early presentation of women with these cancers should be vigorously pursued.