Socio-Economic Dilemma and Impact on Africa’s Development: the Viewpoint of a Post-Colonial Novelist

Socio-Economic Dilemma and Impact on Africa’s Development: the Viewpoint of a Post-Colonial Novelist

Author by Dr. Ezinwanyi Adam

Journal/Publisher: Ebsu's Journal Of Social Sciences And Humanities

Volume/Edition: 5

Language: English

Pages: 16 - 25

Abstract

A fundamental gap is observed in existing critical studies as to the degree that post-colonial African novelists, with the use of ultra-realism, depict socio-economic, religious and political experiences of the State, as greatly affected by various forms of discrimination and oppression, corruption, poverty, and violence to establish possible impact of these menaces to the nation’s growth and her participation in global politics. Adopting the Ethnicity, Comparative and Hybridity models of Postcolonial theory, this study undertakes a critical evaluation of the purposively selected novel of Ben Okri, with a view to identifying different levels of corruption and kinds of poverty. The study observes that physical poverty is mostly experienced by the ‘poor’: low income earners, job-seekers, petty traders, and small scale entrepreneurs, among others. Mental poverty which includes intellectual poverty, on the other hand, is identified as an experience of people who constitute the ‘ruling class’ or government in many countries of Africa. The study, in conclusion, identifies, through critical discourses, possible solutions available to the grossly marginalized followership of several African states, especially in the face of unbridled government tolerated corruption and ineptitude on the part of state functionaries.


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