Effect of processed Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) on some hematological indices and enzyme activities in selected rat tissues

Effect of processed Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) on some hematological indices and enzyme activities in selected rat tissues

Author by Dr. Olaoluwa T Talabi

Journal/Publisher: The Faseb Journal

Volume/Edition: 28

Language: English

Pages: 1044 - 1046

Abstract

Trachurus trachurus, also called kote is a table fish. It contains some nutrients & bioactive compounds that are beneficial to human health. Processing methods may interfere with it's nutrients & are sources of reactive dicarbonyl compounds (RDCs) & polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Effect of processed kote fillet; skin, head & bones (SHB) on weaned male wistar rats (WMWR) were evaluated using standard methods. Five isocaloric/isonitrogenous diets were compounded containing soybean-groundnut cake (positive control); 0% protein (negative control); poached, coal & wood smoked kote fillet & SHB. 40 WMWR (40.76±2.42g) were randomly divided to 8 groups & fed on one of the 5 diets for 14 days. Voluntary feed intake, weight gains & digestibility were recorded. Rats were sacrificed at end of the experiment. Individual blood samples were analyzed for full blood count, electrolytes, Cholesterol (Chol), triglycerides (TGs), urea, Creatinine (CRT) & total proteins (TPs). Activities of Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) & Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined in the brain, liver, kidney, heart, stomach, small intestine (S.I) & spleen; Alanine transaminase (ALT) & Aspatate transaminase (AST) in liver & heart; Glucose (Gluc), Chol & CRT in brain. All data were subjected to analysis of variance by Duncan's multiple range test & considered significant at minimum of p< 0>


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