The chemical constituents in Myristica fragrans seeds were analyzed
using proximate analysis, atomic absorption spectroscopic
(AAS), phytochemical and gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric
(GC-MS) methods. Results showed the percentage proximate
composition of M. fragrans seeds as: crude ash < crude> protein < crude> extract. The AAS analysis indicated the presence of magnesium
(133.10mg kg–1), sodium (423.55 mg kg–1), calcium (1560.09 mg
kg–1) and potassium (5139 mg kg–1). The aqueous extract of M.
fragrans seeds had higher concentrations of phenols (0.10 mg
gallic acid equivalent (GAE) g–1) and flavonoids (1.10 mg quercetin
equivalent (QE) g–1) than the dichloromethane extracts that
had phenols (0.03 mg GAE g–1) and flavonoids (0.10 QE mg g–1).
The aqueous and dichloromethane extracts contained 6 and 18
bioactive compounds respectively.