This study assessed the influence of government intervention through the Millennium Village Commission Programme (MVCP) on sugarcane production in Jigawa state. The data was collected from 120 farmers benefitting from MVCP and 160 not benefitting. Descriptive statistics, budgetary technique and logit regression were used to analyze data. Result showed that respondents have low education but relatively good experience in the cultivation of sugarcane. Most farmers not participating in MVCP did not participate in Community Based Organizations (CBO). However, most of the farmers have access to extension service. The farmers who participated in MVCP earned significantly higher net farm income. Factors influencing participation were farmers’ farming experience, educational level, perception of the programme, previous participation in government programme and membership of a CBO. The study recommends that the MVCP is laudable but for it to have its full impact, participation must be increased through extension education and CBO. Also, strict adherence to set out objectives by government as regards programme intervention generally is imperative.