A Study of Compliance and Clinics Attendance among Pregnant Woman Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria During Pregnancy, Ogun State. Nigeria

A Study of Compliance and Clinics Attendance among Pregnant Woman Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria During Pregnancy, Ogun State. Nigeria

Author by Mrs. Titilayo Olaoye

Journal/Publisher: European Journal Of Social Sciences

Volume/Edition: 58

Language: English

Pages: 178 - 185

Abstract

Malaria infection in pregnant women is associated with high risks of both maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Malaria parasites sequester and replicate in the placenta thereby making pregnant women to be predisposed to develop severe disease than nonpregnant women who acquired the infections at the same time. This may lead to miscarriage, premature delivery, low birth weight, congenital infection, and/or perinatal
death,( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Cdc), 2013. Hence, Intermittent Preventive Treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with the use of Sulphadoxine Pyrimethamine is a key to prevent fatality of malaria morbidity and mortality to the pregnant women and the fetus. However, uptake has been found to be very low and this is below the National target of 80% coverage.
The study adopted a cross sectional survey study design. The study involved 415 pregnant women at twenty-four weeks gestation attending antenatal clinics and who were not on IPTp for preventions of malaria. Quantitative data collection method was used while Data were analysed using SPSS version 21 software to carry out the descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. All analyses were performed at 5% level of significance.
Results revealed that the majority (93.7%) of the participants have good knowledge of IPTp with a mean score of 19.33 on a 25 point rating scale. The uptake of three and more doses of IPTp was found to be high (96.1%) among the participants. There was a positive association between factors of uptake of IPTp with family support to pregnant women and ANC attendance (p<0 xss=removed> Based on these findings, it is recommended that there should be community sensitization for women of child bearing age especially the multigravida on prevention of malaria during pregnancy. The girl child and adolescents should be educated right from young age through school educative program on dangers of malaria in pregnancy and how to prevent them.
 


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