Analysis of Food Security Among Farming Households In Imo State, Nigeria

Analysis of Food Security Among Farming Households In Imo State, Nigeria

Author by Dr. Olubunmi Balogun

Journal/Publisher: International Journal Of Agriculture And Rural Development

Volume/Edition: 20

Language: English

Pages: 3021 - 3027

Abstract

Prevalence of food insecurity has remained a concern in Imo State and indeed the Sub-Saharan Africa. Hence, this study investigated the analysis of food security among farming households in Imo State, Nigeria. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 144 farmers for this study. Information on the objectives of this study was elicited from the sampled respondents through a well- structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Food security index and Probit regression model. Results showed that the mean age of the farmers was 64 years, 7 persons per household and 12 years of educational attainment. Results also showed that only 35.4% of the farming households were able to meet the recommended calorie intake of 2500kcal per capita per day, while remaining was not. This result portrays  that  the  study  area  is food insecure  since  the  proportion of food insecure households is greater  than  that of food  secure  ones. The food surplus/insecurity gap index showed that food secure households exceeded the calorie requirement by 314%, while the food insecure households fell short of the calorie requirement by 76%. Age, household size, educational attainment, farming experience, farm size, access to credit, quantity of own production were determinants of food security status of the farm households. The study recommended that government in collaboration with other stakeholders in agriculture should strengthen existing policies in food crop production


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