Democratic Consolidation in Africa: The Ghanaian Paradigm

Democratic Consolidation in Africa: The Ghanaian Paradigm

Author by Dr. Michael Popoola

Journal/Publisher: International Journal Of English Literature And Social Sciences (ijels)

Volume/Edition: 3

Language: English

Pages: 69 - 77


The ‘Third Wave’of democracy resulted in
transition galore in Africa. Authoritarian governments
abandoned authoritarianism fora reconstructed political
society which mirrors the institutions and processes of
liberal democracy. What is strange however, is the fact that
most of the countries that transited to democratic rule in the
region about three decades ago are not making significant
progress towards consolidating their hard earned
democracy. Electoral violence and some other antidemocratic
practices have made the mantra of good
governance a mere rhetoric, and kept democracy
perpetually nascent in most of the countries in the region.
But worthy of note is the reference being made to Ghana, by
some observers of African politics, as a beacon of
democracy in Africa. The crux of this paper therefore is to
attempt a critical evaluation of Ghanaian’s democratic
experience to determine the extent to which the country can
be referred to as a consolidated democracy.
Descriptive/qualitative method was used for data analysis.
The paper discovered that Ghana indeed possesses some
strikingly unique democratic experience which distinguish it
from other African states. Although the countryis still
struggling with some anti-democratic challenges like vote
buying and executive recklessness, which if not properly
addressed may erode any democratic gains recorded so far.
Nevertheless, the impressive democratic credentials or the
indices of democratic consolidation in the country as
discovered by this research, can make one to conclude that
Ghana is on the path of achieving democratic

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