ABSTRACT This study assessed the effect of family background and child labour on academic performance of public secondary school students in Ikenne Local Government, Ogun State. Descriptive survey research design was adopted. The total population for the study was 2450 from two public secondary schools in Ikenne local government, Ogun State. A sample size of 344 respondents from JSS1-SS3 was randomly selected for the study. The instrument used for data collection was a self-developed questionnaire. The set null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The set null hypotheses for child hawking (p-value=0.756) and child begging (p-value=0.263) were all accepted except set null hypotheses for family background was rejected (p-value=0.017) which is less than 0.05. The findings revealed that child hawking and child begging do have a significant effect on students’ academic performance. The findings also depict that there is a significant effect of family background on students’ academic performance. The study recommended that parents should be educated on the importance of educational attainment. It also recommended that government should incorporate individual philanthropists, corporate organizations and donor agencies to encourage poor parents or the less privileges to put an end to child labor activities.
Keywords: Family Background, Child Labor, Academic, Students, Performance