Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that affects the metabolism of glucose in the body resulting in increased morbidity and mortality rates. This study assessed the knowledge and practice of self-care management and diabetic control among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Randle General Hospital in Lagos State. The study adopted a descriptive research design and involved a population of patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 attending the out-patient department of Randle General Hospital. The Taro Yamane formula was used to determine the sample size while a convenience sampling technique was applied in the selection of participants. The instrument for data collection was a self-designed structured questionnaire which facilitated eliciting information from the participants. One hundred and twenty copies of the questionnaire were administered and retrieved. Data obtained were analyzed using the Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. The analysis used a descriptive statistical method to answer the research questions while inferential statistics of Pearson's correlation was used to test the hypotheses.
Results showed that all the respondents (100%) had good knowledge of self-care management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, the majority of them (97.5%) practiced self-care management very well and 95.8% agreed that self-care management helped them to control diabetes mellitus type 2. A significant relationship exists between knowledge and practice of self-care management of diabetes mellitus as well as the practice of self-care management and control of diabetes mellitus.
The study concluded that increased knowledge and practice of self-care management help in the control of diabetes mellitus, therefore, it is recommended that further health education programs on self-care management of diabetes should be organized