NUTRIENT CONTENT OF SCHOOL MEALS AND THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA

NUTRIENT CONTENT OF SCHOOL MEALS AND THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA

Author by Mr. Ademola Akinlade

Journal/Publisher: International Journal Of Advanced Academic Research (sciences, Technology And Engineering)

Volume/Edition: 6

Language: English

Pages: 193 - 208

Abstract

The nutrient content of school meals and the nutritional status of primary school children in Agege Local Government Area, Lagos State were examined in this study. A total of 438 healthy school children [boys (205) and girls (233)] aged 6 to 12 years were selected from five public primary schools using multi-stage sampling procedure. Data on socio-economic characteristics and dietary habits were obtained with a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire, while food consumption patterns and nutrient intake data were collected using a food frequency questionnaire and 24-hour dietary recall, respectively. Data on food intake were converted to nutrient intake using Total Diet Assessment software. Data collected were analyzed with descriptive (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics. The mean nutrient intake from school meals were calorie (308.61±146.99 kcal), protein (6.05±3.15 g), fiber (1.60±1.17 g), fat (4.04±2.96 g), vitamin A (79.23±52.10 RE), vitamin B1 (0.24±0.09 mg), vitamin C (3.37±2.97 mg), calcium (12.05±10.4 5 mg), and zinc (1.64±1.13 mg). Furthermore, 65.0% of the respondents had normal BMI-for-Age, 28.5% were underweight, while 5% and 1.6% were overweight and obese, respectively. Based on BMI-for-age across the two age groups, girls were significantly (p?0.05) better nourished than boys. In conclusion, the nutrient content of school meals from all the schools had inadequate nutrients except carbohydrates and iron, which could have contributed to their poor nutritional status.


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