The Level of Knowledge Regarding Occupational Hazards among Nurses in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria

The Level of Knowledge Regarding Occupational Hazards among Nurses in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria

Author by Prof. Ademola Amosu

Journal/Publisher: Current Research Journal Of Biological Sciences

Volume/Edition: 3

Language: English

Pages: 586 - 590

Abstract

This descriptive survey was carried out to investigate the level of knowledge on the predisposing
factors to occupational hazards, among nurses in health facilities in Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria. The study
population consisted of nurses of varying categories working in ten public and two privately owned health
facilities in five local government areas of the state. The simple random sampling technique was employed in
selecting 1,200 respondents across the health facilities. A validated structured questionnaire developed with
reliability of 0.79 was used to collect information. Data collected were analysed using the SPSS package
version 12.0. The results revealed that 5.7% of the respondents were males, 94.3% were females, and 37.1%
were single while 62.9% were married. Among the respondents, 44.8% were between 21-30 years of age,
15.2?tween 31-40 years and 23.8?tween 41-50 years while the remaining 16.2% were aged 51 years
and above. Four hundred and sixty-nine (39.1%) respondents have 1-10 years working experience while 60.9%
have spent 11 years and above in the nursing profession. It was found that 96.2% of the respondents knew that
the profession is prone to occupational hazards, and as expressed by 88.6% of the respondents, back injury is
the commonest hazard, followed by neck and back pain as attested to by 84.8% of the nurses. The most
prominent predisposing factor is prolonged standing as viewed by 84.5% of the sample. Avoidance of lifting
of patients and heavy equipment, among others, is the most notable way of avoiding occupational hazards as
attested to by 90.5% respondents. Nursing professionals should therefore make conscious and concerted efforts
to minimize avoidable occupational hazards in the course of discharging their duties, so that their health would
not be jeopardised.
Key words: Back injury, heavy equipment, occupational hazards, protective gadgets.


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