BACKGROUND: Pattern of admissions into the accident and emergency units vary worldwide with most studies showing surgical
Unlike the outcome of our study that showed more of medical cases, another study done in University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Nigeria
showed that 61% of admissions into the accident and emergency unit were surgical with trauma in general constituting 45.1%. With rising
population and reduced funding, most tertiary care hospitals in developing countries grapple with high patient admissions into their emergency
Lack of adequate personnel and facilities to cater for such patients result in poor patient satisfaction and management.
Adequate funding and regular training of personnel should therefore be emphasized if we are to approach the standard care provided in
developed countries 4 and reap a satisfactory outcome in care of emergency surgical situations.
METHOD: This is a 2-year retrospective study, data of all patients admitted in the adult accident and emergence section of Babcock University
between January 2016 and December 2017 were retrieved and reviewed. Frequencies were presented as absolute values, charts and
RESULTS: In 2016, a total of 1901 emergency cases presented to the adult accident and emergency unit of Babcock University Teaching Hospital
of which 341 were surgical. In 2017, a total of 1887 emergency cases were seen in the adult accident and emergency unit of Babcock University
Teaching Hospital of which 363 [17.24%] were surgical. Overall, a total of 3788 emergency cases presented of which 704 [17.24%] were surgical
cases. Of these 704 cases ,457 of them [64.9%] were acute surgical emergencies like head injuries, burns, cholecystitis, intestinal obstruction,
testicular torsion, deep laceration injuries, acute urinary retention, fractures, appendicitis, pleural effusion, upper GI bleeding, , cervical spine
injuries [table 1] and the remaining 247 cases [35.1%] were non-emergencies (cold) cases. Of these 457 surgical emergencies, appendicitis
accounted for 133 [ 29.10%] of cases making it the commonest surgical emergency that presented in our hospital in these two years.
CONCLUSION: The most common surgical emergency was acute appendicitis 133 cases [40.06%]followed closely by deep lacerations resulting
from road traffic accidents 98 cases [25.83%] and head injuries 47cases [13.4%] among others
This study also highlights the pattern of emergency surgical cases expected from the accident and emergency department of a typical private
hospital which does not always mimic the pattern seen in other public hospitals.
This information may help the management in recruiting appropriate staff for the surgical emergency unit/department of a teaching