THE ANTIBIOGRAM STUDIES OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS ISOLATES FROM URINE SAMPLES OF PATIENTS WITH URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN ESAN, EDO-NIGERIA

THE ANTIBIOGRAM STUDIES OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS ISOLATES FROM URINE SAMPLES OF PATIENTS WITH URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN ESAN, EDO-NIGERIA

Author by Dr. Eghosa Morgan

Journal/Publisher: World Journal Of Pharmacy And Pharmaceutical Sciences

Volume/Edition: 7

Language: English

Pages: 128 - 140

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the antibiogram of Staphylococcus species isolated from confirmed urinary tract infected individuals in Esan-Nigeria. A retrospective analysis was done in the period of January 2013 to December 2013 in three health facilities in the study area. Twenty-one antibiotics susceptibility testing of Staphylococcus species pathogens isolated from urine samples of male and female patients were assessed. 186 urine samples made up of 101 male (consisting of 92 S. aureus and 9 S. saprophyticus) and 85 female (consisting of 72 S. aureus, 7 S. saprophyticus and 6 S. epidermidis) samples were analyzed. Overall, S. aureus isolates from male urine sample were most sensitive to augmentin and azithromycin while the female samples were most sensitive to noreloxcine and gentamycin. Male urine S. saprophyticus isolates were most sensitive to ofloxacin and resistant to 10 different antibiotics while that of the female were most sensitive to augmentin, noreloxcine and ciprofloxacine and resistance to 12 antibiotics. Female urine S. epidermidis isolate was most sensitive to noreloxcine and resistance to 12 antibiotics. Based on the findings, in the study area, S. saprophyticus and S. epidermidis are multi-drug resistant and antibiotic treatment of UTI in this area faces serious challenge.


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