One of the major objectives of this research work is to expand the field of application of natural biomass for the treatment of dye based industrial effluents. It is also aimed at studying the effect contact time, initial dye concentration, pH, temperature, dissolved salts on the bio-sorption properties of sphagnum cymbifolium(moss) on to methylene blue dye by the batch process. Methods: The biomass was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in order to examine the surface morphology of the biomass. The screened biomass samples were characterized at 1000 x magnification, 500 x magnification and 200 x magnification for their surface morphologies, This was done using a scanning electron microscope (FEI – inspect/ OXFORD INSTRUMENTS – X- MAX), which was equipped with an energy dispersive X- ray (EDAX) spectrophotometer employed for elemental composition analysis. It was equally characterized with Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectrophotometer (Perkin – Elmer, England) in the wavelength range of 350 – 4000nm.