The Realist Approach to Understanding the State and it’s Politics in Nigeria: A Theoretical Analysis

The Realist Approach to Understanding the State and it’s Politics in Nigeria: A Theoretical Analysis

Author by Dr. Olawole Ojo

Journal/Publisher: European Journal Of Social Sciences

Volume/Edition: 60

Language: English

Pages: 32 - 37

Abstract

Realism as a theory has been a prominent concept in international relations and has been used to explain the activities of political leaders and states in the international system. From the realist perspective, incompatible goals and conflict are the defining features of world politics. Without enforceable international rules, decision makers have little choice but to compete with other states for security, status and wealth. Consequently, most of the crux of political activities has been attached to the practice of the realist theory in its real nature. This paper adopted a theoretical approach in its analysis by juxtaposing the relevance of realism and its applicability to the Nigerian state and global politics. The paper found out that the lack of political will, power drunk and sit tight mentality of the leaders in Nigeria as well as the hegemonic nature of global politics is as a result of the applicability of realism in its full nature. These are manifested in conflicts and wars against states and internal politics; such as killings of political opponents, hacking of websites, vote buying, subversion of outcome of electoral results and other forms of electoral malpractices. The study then concluded that the outplay of politics in the Nigerian state and the world at large is dirty, brutal, nasty, solitary just like the state of nature posited by Thomas Hobbes. It then recommended constitutional engineering to chart a course for the state particularly in the developing society such as Africa, Asia and Latin America.


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