Conflict has become a permanent feature in Africa as forty -eight out of fifty-four African nations since 1960 have experienced conflict, while poverty and economic growth are equally endemic. The study adopts the descriptive design and data was sourced from secondary sources. and analysed with descriptive analysis. Findings revealed that the nations in conflict rcorded higher economic growth, especially Nigeria and north African countries. The study concluded that causative factors of conflict were not limited to poverty, rather other issues such as government type, availability of natural resources and environmental challenges.