Enhancing Knowledge of Pregnant Women on Self-Management of Minor Disorders of Pregnancy at a State Specialist Hospital, Southwest, Nigeria

Enhancing Knowledge of Pregnant Women on Self-Management of Minor Disorders of Pregnancy at a State Specialist Hospital, Southwest, Nigeria

Author by Prof. Christiana Sowunmi

Journal/Publisher: European Journal Of Scientific Research

Volume/Edition: 158

Language: English

Pages: 299 - 307

Abstract

Pregnancy is an important event in a woman’s life; the body of a pregnant woman

goes through different forms of changes and these changes are as a result of the body’s

physiological response to stimuli principally from the pregnancy hormones. On daily basis,

the changes that the body undergo during pregnancy can sometimes be disturbing and

unbearable but through adequate patient education and self-management with simple home

remedies, these minor discomforts can be managed well. Hence, this study enhanced the

knowledge of pregnant women on self-management of minor disorders of pregnancy in a

State Specialist Hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria.

This study utilized one group pre-test, post-test quasi experimental design. Total

enumeration method was used in recruiting 95 pregnant women. Two instruments namely:

pregnant woman demographic data (PW-DD) and Test paper on Knowledge of Pregnant

Women on Self-Management of Minor Disorders of Pregnancy (TP-KPWSMMD) with

Cronbach’s alpha of 0.81were used for data collection. An enhancing training package was

used as an intervention to train the pregnant women on management of minor disorders of Enhancing Knowledge of Pregnant Women on Self-Management of Minor

Disorders of Pregnancy at a State Specialist Hospital, Southwest, Nigeria 300

pregnancy. Descriptive statistics was used to answer five research questions while

inferential statistics of paired t-test was used to test the three hypotheses of the study at

0.05level of significance.

There were significant differences between pre and post intervention knowledge

mean score of self-management of minor disorders of pregnancy on the basis of education

level ( p = 0.00) and on the basis of gravidity (, p = 0.00).

In conclusion, the knowledge of pregnant women on self-management of minor

disorders of pregnancy was found to be poor prior intervention but a tremendous

improvement after intervention was recorded. The training package utilized in this study

enhanced the knowledge of pregnant women on self-management of minor disorders of

pregnancy thus preventing complications. It is therefore recommended that Midwives

should take it as a responsibility to train pregnant women during ante natal period.


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