Demographic Variables and Self-Management Practices as Correlates of Glycemic Control among Reproductive Age Diabetic Women in a Tertiary Hospital in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

Demographic Variables and Self-Management Practices as Correlates of Glycemic Control among Reproductive Age Diabetic Women in a Tertiary Hospital in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

Author by Prof. Christiana Sowunmi

Journal/Publisher: Texila International Journal Of Public Health

Volume/Edition: 9

Language: English

Pages: 1 - 10

Abstract

Glycemic control remains a major cornerstone in the management of diabetes mellitus. Despite

consistent studies, the incidence of both short-and long-term complications of diabetes had been quite

alarming. This study employed a descriptive design. A total enumeration of 185 diabetic women of

reproductive age constituted the sample size. A self-structured questionnaire with 40 items divided into

five sections and a checklist for recording glycemic control were used for data collection. The data

analysis involves the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23. Results were

presented as frequencies, mean and standard deviation, and regression analysis. The findings from the

study revealed that 112 (67.1%) of the women had normal glycemic status while 55 (32.9%) had high

status. Furthermore, it revealed a significant negative correlation between educational qualification

and glycemic control (r = -.161, p= 0.049). The study revealed a slight significant correlation between

diet and glycemic control (r = -.148, p=0.052). Other practices did not share a significant correlation

with glycemic control. The study concluded that an appreciable percentage of the respondents had high

glycemic control status, education and diet had a significant partial correlation with glycemic control.

Most of the women had good practice of diet, exercise, medication, and self-monitoring of blood glucose

as shown in their health records. However, a sharp contrast exists between their record of glycemic

control, which was good, and the current level, which revealed no significant correlations between self

management practices and glycemic control. Hence, the need for more patient education on self

management practices.


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