Prevalence of Contraceptive Methods among Women of Reproductive Age Attending Family Planning Clinic in Adeoyo Maternity Teaching Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State

Prevalence of Contraceptive Methods among Women of Reproductive Age Attending Family Planning Clinic in Adeoyo Maternity Teaching Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State

Author by Mr. Lawrence Agbonjimi

Journal/Publisher: Central Asian Journal Of Medical And Natural Sciences

Volume/Edition: 2

Language: English

Pages: 72 - 91

Abstract

The 2008 Nigeria demographic and health survey showed that maternal mortality in Nigeria is currently estimated at 545 per 100,000 live births. This burden of maternal health can be alleviated through effective modern family planning measures (Singh, 2008). The contraceptive prevalence in Nigeria is still very low, about 15% (NDHS, 2008). This study aimed at examine the prevalence of contraceptive methods among women of reproductive age attending family planning clinic in Adeoyo, Ibadan, Oyo State. A descriptive cross sectional study design was used for this study. The study was carried out in Adeoyo Maternity Hospital, Yemetu located at Ibadan, Oyo State. Oyo State is one of the 36 states of Nigeria and is located in the South Western region of the country. Purposive sampling was used for the distribution of the questionnaires to the women attending Infant Welfare Clinic at General Hospital Adeoyo Maternity, Yemetu, Ibadan Oyo State. Participants were interviewed as they came into the hospital. The process continued until the required number of sample size (100) was obtained. Data was collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire which consists of the following. Section A consist of Socio demographic characteristics. Section B consist of data on Perceived reasons for choice of contraceptive method, perception about contraceptive choice. Section C consist of data on Perceived satisfaction with chosen contraceptive method and explore factors that influence satisfaction. Section D consist of data on Compliance with contraceptive methods and factor that influence compliance. Data was entered, edited, and analyze with SPSS statistical software (version 15). This included the analysis of participants socio-demographics data such as age, marital status, occupation, educational level, ethnicity. CENTRAL ASIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES Volume: 02 Issue: 05 | Sep-Oct 2021 ISSN: 2660-4159 http://cajmns.centralasianstudies.org CAJMNS Volume: 02 Issue: 05 | Sep-Oct 2021 73 Published by “ CENTRAL ASIAN STUDIES" http://www.centralasianstudies.org Copyright (c) 2021 Author (s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Introduction Family planning is the conscious effort by a couple to limit or space the number of children they want to have through the use of contraceptive methods (National Demographic and Health Suvery, 2008). Despite the contraceptive known benefits and strategic role in reducing maternal and infant mortalities, its acceptance and utilization is low especially in developing countries (Igwegbe and Udigwe, 2009). More than 200 million women in developing countries would like to delay their next pregnancy or even stop bearing children altogether (Singh, 2008) but many of them still rely on traditional and less effective methods of contraception or use no method at all (Okpani, 2009). Contraceptive methods can be divided into two categories: traditional and modern. Modern contraceptives are easily classifiable and include oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices (IUDs), female and male sterilisation, injections, condoms and diaphragm (REF) Other practices which have a direct impact on fertility that have been used include prolonged breast feeding and postpartum sexual Frequency table diagrams and graph for these data was computed. Chi-square test was used for bivariate analyses to test the significance of the association between selected independents and dependents variables. findings from this study show that (96%) women of reproductive age that participated in this study have heard of contraceptive and understand it importance also (58% ) were satisfied with the contraceptive method they choose because of the level of convenience, also (82%) of the respondents also used the contraceptive method of their choice regularly also (60% ) pf the respondents said they have confidence in the use of the method they went for .805) of the respondent their source of information on their currents method on the type of contraceptive to used was through the health worker. Only (19%) pf the respondents experienced side effect from their choice of contraceptive method they choose. Among the selected socio-demographic variable tested, it was discovered in this study that religion is the only factor that influence the use of contraceptive method among and this show statistically significant with P-value of 0.004. It is recommended that Increase effort in modern contraceptive method promotion and education is needed to be intensify to improve knowledge among women so that they can make a proper and informed choice. It is also recommended that health care providers should effectively play their role by making sure that their clients have sufficient knowledge on contraceptives which can help them make a correct choice.


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