Assessment of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors Among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Minna, NorthCentral Nigeria

Assessment of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors Among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Minna, NorthCentral Nigeria

Author by Kester Awharentomah Digban

Journal/Publisher: Sokoto Journal Of Medical Laboratory Science

Volume/Edition: 6

Language: English

Pages: 82 - 93

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder with economic and global health concern. The aim of this study was to assess the cardiometabolic risk factors in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending General Hospital Minna, North Central, Nigeria. We recruited total of 135 subjects being 80 (57 females, 23 males) T2DM patients and 55 (38 females, 17 males) non-diabetic individuals who served as controls. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data. Anthropometric measurements were also taken as appropriate. Blood samples were collected from subjects after 10 hours of fasting to investigate biochemical parameters for cardiometabolic risk in the test subjects and controls. Results show that T2DM patients had higher values of total cholesterol, waist circumference, SBP, DBP, TG and HDL compared to the non-diabetic controls. It was observed that 35.5% of the total population (both experimental and control subjects) were prone to cardiometabolic risk factors with 60?ing T2DM patients and majority being females. A significant 48.8% of T2DM patients had well managed glycaemic levels, while 51.2% had a poorly managed glycaemic level. Findings also showed that 57.5% of T2DM patients were dyslipidaemic, 70% had abdominal obesity, while 40% had systolic hypertension. The SBP, FBS, TC, VLDL, TG and TG:HDL ratio of T2DM patients was significantly higher than controls (p< 0> 0.05). On account of management among the T2DM patients, the FBS, TG and HDL values between the well managed and poorly managed patients were statistically significant (p< 0>


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