Awareness and Utilization of Modern Contraceptives among Women of Reproductive Age in Rural Community, Osun State, South-West, Nigeria

Awareness and Utilization of Modern Contraceptives among Women of Reproductive Age in Rural Community, Osun State, South-West, Nigeria

Author by Dr. Ngozi Okafor

Journal/Publisher: Iosr Journal Of Nursing And Health Science

Volume/Edition: 9

Language: English

Pages: 53 - 59

Abstract

 Utilization of modern contraceptives is an important public health action to prevent unplanned, pregnancy unsafe abortion and its complication thereby reducing maternal and child morbidity and mortality rate. Utilization of modern contraceptives can effectively control population explosion especially in developing countries. However, low utilization has been reported among women of reproductive age in rural community. This study thus examined the awareness and utilization of modern contraceptives among women of reproductive age in rural community. Methods: This study adopted a descriptive research survey design. 206 respondents were selected using purposive sampling. A self-developed structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. Descriptive statistics of tables and percentages were used to analyze data collected and hypothesis was tested using chi-square at 0.05 level of significance. Result: The finding showed high level of awareness (99.5%) of modern contraceptives among women of reproductive age in rural community but low current utilization (21.4%) of modern contraceptives was recorded among rural women of reproductive age and the most commonly utilized method was injectable (10.7%) followed by oral pills (5.8%). Hypothesis result shows that there was no significant relationship between awareness and utilization of modern contraceptives (x2 = 0.357; df = 1; p = 0.275). Conclusion: Modern contraceptives utilization was found to be low, creating awareness about benefits of modern contraceptives and effective counseling would improve utilization of modern contraceptives among rural women of reproductive age. 


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